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named A. Kh. Margulan

44 Avenue Dostyk, st. Shevchenko 28, Almaty




Археология институтының журналы. А.Х.Марғұлан



Medieval urbanization department

For more than 28 years, the process of national and state building has continued to evolve in the Republic of Kazakhstan. Despite the complexity of modernization processes and transformations, in its main direction it is focused on achieving real sovereignty, creating a highly intellectual nation, a consolidated common historical and cultural memory. Archaeological science plays an important role in this process.

As an object of archaeological research, the territory of Kazakhstan seems to be a unique zone of coexistence of heterogeneous cultural-forming environments: both nomadic and settled-agricultural, from antiquity to ethnographic modernity. The study of ancient and medieval cultures on the territory of Kazakhstan is not only relevant, but also of ongoing interest in the context of the formation of a fundamental base of historical and archaeological knowledge in order to most effectively implement the "Rýhanı jańǵyrý" program and the "Seven Faces of the Great Steppe" in the conditions of modernization of society and the state.

An important period in the history of Kazakhstan is the Middle Ages. It was during this period that the cultural landscape and baggage formed, with which Kazakhstan left in New Time. During this period, such historical processes as urbanization, the formation of nomadic and settled states, the Great Silk Road, etc., are taking place on the territory of Kazakhstan. However, the medieval urbanization of Kazakhstan is not limited to the Silk Road. The staff of the Medieval Urbanization Department of the A.Kh are currently investigating this complex process. Margulan Institute of Archaeology.

The tasks of the Department of Medieval Urbanization of the A.Kh. Margulan Institute of Archaeology include:

- study of residential neighborhoods, necropolises, sacred monuments and artifacts, ritual complexes in the medieval cities of Southeast (medieval settlement of Kastek, Aspara, etc.) as iconic systems of economic, religious and social relations.

- trace the processes of emergence and formation of urban culture in the Turkic states of Southeast Kazakhstan for six centuries in its interaction with the nomadic civilization of medieval Turks.

- identify the functional elements of the urban culture of the early and developed Middle Ages of Central Asia using the example of the ancient Turkic khaganates in Jetysu from available archaeological, historical, literary, religious and other sources reflecting the values ​and norms of the cultural life of the khaganates;

- research and conceptualize mental structures recorded in the material culture of the settled and nomadic population of Southeast Kazakhstan in the era of the Turkic states of the VI-beginning of the XIII centuries on the materials of archaeological research, narrative, folklore and other historical sources.

- identify relevant institutions and specific subcultures that reflect certain standards, norms and rules of everyday life of urban society;

- study the transformation and institutionalization of religious systems in the territory of Southeast in the paradigm of the history of everyday life.

- trace the lines of cultural interaction and addition of syncretic culture of complexes in the processes of Turkic - Sogdian, Turkic - Chinese synthesis;

- actualization of the acquired historical and archaeological knowledge in the context of the ideas "Rýhanı jańǵyrý"

- formation of a tolerant, multicultural and high-intellectual society: open popular science lectures, the involvement of the media for wide coverage of the implementation of the tasks of the department.

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